To balance the interests of small and large states, constitutional advocates have divided the power of Congress between the two houses. Each state has an equal voice in the Senate, while representation in the House of Representatives is based on the size of the population of each state. A bicameral system is a reference to a government with two houses of laws or chambers. Bicameral is the Latin word for a two-house legislative system. The bicameral system was created in England, and the United States introduced it after its creation. The European Union has a bicameral legislative system consisting of the European Parliament, elected in the elections on the basis of universal suffrage, and the Council of the European Union, which is composed of a representative for each government of the Member States responsible for a relevant legal area. The European Union is not considered a country or a state, but it has the power to address national governments in many areas. Several plans were presented at the Convention. The James Madison plan, known as the Virginia Plan, was the most important plan. The Virginia plan was a proposal from Virginia delegates for a bicameral legislative branch. Before the convention began, Virginia delegates met and devised a plan, largely on Madison`s proposals.
In their proposal, the two chambers of the legislature would be prorated. The House of Commons would be elected by the people, and the House of Lords would be elected by the House of Commons. The executive would exist only to ensure that the will of the legislator is satisfied and is therefore chosen by the legislature. Pinckney Plan: The Pinckney Plan proposed bicameral legislation consisting of a Senate and a Chamber of Deputies. The house would have one member for a thousand inhabitants. The House of Representatives would elect senators who would serve in turn for four years and represent one of the four regions. Congress would meet in a joint meeting to elect a president and also appoint cabinet members. Congress would serve as an appeals court of last resort in interstate litigation at a joint meeting.
Another alternative was to have the president elected by national parliaments or national parliaments. Some thought that an executive elected by the national legislator would be a “simple creature” of the legislature without independent judgment.