The Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States of America and Japan80 was concluded in 1960 and was amended later on 26 December 1990.81 Under Article VI of the Treaty, the United States “uses facilities and territories in Japan by its land, air and naval forces” to “contribute to Japan`s security and to the maintenance of international peace and security in the Far East.” 82 Article VI also provides that the use of the facilities and the status of the U.S. armed forces are governed by a separate agreement,83, as was the previous security treaty of 1952. The security agreement contains other rules and requirements that have traditionally not been included in U.S. SOFS, including the combat operations provisions of U.S. forces. Operations carried out by US forces in accordance with the agreement must be approved by the Iraqi government and coordinated with the Iraqi authorities by a joint committee coordinating military operations. U.S. forces may also arrest or arrest individuals in connection with operations under the agreement. More broadly, the security agreement provides for “strategic consultations” between the parties in the event of external or internal threats or aggression against Iraq and provides that the United States “takes appropriate measures, including diplomatic, economic or military measures,” as agreed by the parties, to deter the threat. A3: Both countries signed the VFA in 1998.
It offers simplified access procedures in the Philippines for U.S. service providers on official stores (for example. B U.S.-Philippines bilateral training or military exercises), and it provides a number of procedures to solve problems that may be present due to the U.S. military in the Philippines. While the U.S. military has the largest presence abroad, making it most SOFAs, the United Kingdom, France, Australia, Germany Italy, Russia, Spain and many other nations also deploy military personnel abroad and negotiate SOFAs with their host countries. In the past, the Soviet Union had SOFS with most of its satellite states. While most SOFS in the United States are public, some remain classified.  In the case of Afghanistan, the sofa, in force since 2003, provides that military and civilian personnel of the United States Department of Defense should be granted equivalent status to the administrative and technical personnel of the United States Embassy, in accordance with the 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. As a result, U.S. personnel are immune from prosecution by the Afghan authorities and are immune to civilian and administrative jurisdiction, except for acts performed outside their duties. The Afghan government has also expressly authorized the U.S.
government to exercise criminal responsibility for U.S. personnel. Thus, according to the existing SOFA, the United States would have the responsibility to prosecute the serving member who allegedly attacked Afghan civilians.